An Overview of the Hindu Religion
The world's oldest religion, Hindusim has more than one billion followers around the globe, making it the third largest religion. The earliest Hindu scriptures, the Reg Veda, dates back to the 7th century BCE, and some scholars think the start of Hinduism can be dated back to the 10th century BCE.
The word Hindu was first introduced millennium later by a foreigner referring to the people of northern India.
The seat of the Hindu faith is in India -- the country that gave birth to the various cultural, philosophical, and religious ideas and practices that make up Hindusim. The four central beliefs are:
- Dharma (ethics and duties)
- Samsara (rebirth)
- Karma (right action)
- Moksha (liberation from the cycle of Samsara)
As much as Hindusim is an amalgamation of these tenants, however, the faith is -- first and foremost -- a way of life that governs one's actions. Central practices in this "lifestyle" include truthfulness, celibacy, cleanliness, austerity, and penance.
While Hindus believe in one supreme "absolute" called Brahman, there are thousands of gods and goddesses which all represent aspects of Brahman. The most fundamental of these deities are Brahma (Creator), Vishnu (Preserver) and Shiva (Destroyer).
The sacred texts of Hinduism, known as the Shastras, are divided into two types of scriptures: Smriti (those that were memorized) and Shruti (those that were heard). Although all of the Shastras were eventually written down, primarily in the Sanskrit language, it was orally passed down for generations before being codified. To be a Hindu, one must accept and live by the principles and philosophies outlined in the Shastras.
4 Central Beliefs: Moksha
Hindu Holiday of Saraswati Pooja (Puja)
Hindu Festival of Makar Sankranti
Hindu Gods: Lord Vishnu Removing the Darkness of Illusion
Hindu Gods: Shiva The Lord of Lords
5 Days of Diwali | Dhanteras | Choti Diwali | Lakshmi Puja | Padwa & Govardhan Puja | Bhai Duj
Spelling of Diwali | Diyas / Oil Lamps | Diyas & Diwali | The Hindu Religion | 4 Central Beliefs | Dharma
Samsara | Karma | Moksha | Gods/Hindu Trinity | Brahma | Vishnu | Lakshmi | Shiva
Hindu Holidays | Holi | Did You Know? Holi | Holi Pix | Makar Sankranti | Saraswati Pooja
Presidential Diwali | Diwali Recipes | Diwali Crafts | Diwali eCards | Holiday Tweets | Diwali Blog
Newsletter/Text Msg Advertise With Us | Link to Us | Contact Us | Site Map | Diwali Home
© Copyright 1995-2015, Holidays on the Net
Reproduction or other use without written consent is illegal