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The Fast of Ramadan

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. The Month of Ramadan is also when it is believed the Holy Quran "was sent down from heaven, a guidance unto men, a declaration of direction, and a means of Salvation".

It is during this month that Muslims fast. It is called the Fast of Ramadan and lasts the entire month. Ramadan is a time when Muslims concentrate on their faith and spend less time on the concerns of their everyday lives. It is a time of worship and contemplation.

During the Fast of Ramadan strict restraints are placed on the daily lives of Muslims. They are not allowed to eat or drink during the daylight hours. Smoking and sexual relations are also forbidden during fasting. At the end of the day the fast is broken with prayer and a meal called the iftar. In the evening following the iftar it is customary for Muslims to go out visiting family and friends. The fast is resumed the next morning.

According to the Holy Quran:

One may eat and drink at any time during the night "until you can plainly distinguish a white thread from a black thread by the daylight: then keep the fast until night"

The good that is acquired through the fast can be destroyed by five things -

the telling of a lie
denouncing someone behind his back
a false oath
greed or covetousness

These are considered offensive at all times, but are most offensive during the Fast of Ramadan.

During Ramadan, it is common for Muslims to go to the Masjid (Mosque) and spend several hours praying and studying the Quran. In addition to the five daily prayers, during Ramadan Muslims recite a special prayer called the Taraweeh prayer (Night Prayer). The length of this prayer is usually 2-3 times as long as the daily prayers. Some Muslims spend the entire night in prayer.

On the evening of the either the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th day* of the month, Muslims celebrate the Laylat-al-Qadr (the Night of Power). It is believed that on this night Muhammad first received the revelation of the Holy Quran. And according to the Quran, this is when God determines the course of the world for the following year.

*(According to Wikipedia: "Laylat al-Qadr is to be found in the last 10 nights of Ramadan. There is no history in the Quran as to when the specific date is... What directs us to this is the Prophet's :saw: saying: "Look for it (i.e. the Night of Al-Qadr) when there remain nine nights, when there remains seven nights, or when there remains five nights (i.e. 21st, 23 rd, 25th, 27th and 29th."))

When the fast ends (the first day of the month of Shawwal) it is celebrated for three days in a holiday called Id-al-Fitr (the Feast of Fast Breaking). Gifts are exchanged. Friends and family gather to pray in congregation and for large meals. In some cities fairs are held to celebrate the end of the Fast of Ramadan.

Like this article?

Related Articles:
Islam and Arabia: Where faith and nationality converge and diverge
Islamic Prayer Times
Isra Al Mi'Raj
Muhammad and the Holy Quran
Eid ul-Fitr (EID)

Add Comment
Celestina bijor from Nigeria
05:31 11/25/2011
Why ar prices of goods alwx on d high price since u ar celeberating holy thing.and thanks tp it has aid my assigment.
asia from North Carolina, US
12:31 10/24/2011
why is the 27 important
23:07 10/23/2011
Why is the 27th day of Ramadan significant?
coln from Alabama, US
12:47 10/21/2011
your mom
javeed from United Kingdom (Great Britain)
23:40 08/31/2011
can you fast the next day after eid ul fitr what are the rules thank you
IRFAN from United States
17:24 08/23/2011
assalam wa alaikum, at the time of sunset recite this dua: dhaba al-zama wa abtallat al-urooq wa thabata al-ajr in sha Allah' hope this helps
Sumon from Bangladesh
00:34 08/19/2011
please inform me how can roja broken
abdifatah from Minnesota, US
04:12 08/18/2011
The Sweetest Sound A Ramadan Story for 1st/2nd Grade This story comes from Persia, an area now known as the countries of Afghanistan and Iran. Please go to the source of this story and create your own version, then tell your story as a way of shedding light on this ancient culture. Once there was a King of Persia who liked to ask riddles. He particularly liked to ask his four advisors riddles. Sometimes the King knew the answer. Other times he didnt. The King asked those riddles to hear what his advisors would say. One day, just before the beginning of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, the King of Persia asked his four advisors, "What is the sweetest sound?" The first advisor immediately said, "Oh, your Majesty, that is such a simple riddle. The sweetest sound is the sound of a flute." The second advisor disagreed. "Yes, the sound of a flute is sweet. But the sweetest sound is the sound of a harp."
Asmal Muhammed from New York, US
13:22 08/15/2011
Allah is great
shankey from India
05:56 08/14/2011
ramzan mubarak sabhi hazraat ko

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