1767, Empress Maria Theresa. Large & Heavy Silver "pox Recovery" Medal. 59.87gm For Sale
1767, Empress Maria Theresa. Large & Heavy Silver "Pox Recovery" Medal. 59.87gm!
Mint Year: 1767
Medallist: M. Krafft
Reference: Schaumünze MT:198, Montenuovo 1975. R!
Denomination: Medal - Maria Theresa and her recovery from Smallpox
Condition: Light scratches and contact marks in obverse, otherwise a nice XF!
Obverse: Veiled and draped bust of Maria Theresa right, wearing a large brooch with the bust of her deceased husband Emperor Francis Stephen.
Legend: M . THERESIA D . G . ROM . IMP . HUNG . & BOH . REG . A . AUST .
Exergue: M . KRAFFT . F
Reverse: Illuminated all-seeing eye within triangle shining above four figures (Providentia w. scepter, Chronos (left), Minerva (right) & cupid) and crowned oval arms.
Comment: Chronos (god of time) is holding an endless snake (symbol for eternity), Minerva is holding a palm-branch the cupid is holding a burning heart.
Legend: PROVIDENTIA VOTIS ET ARTE
Exergue: PARENTI OPTIMAE CLEMENTI JUSTAE RESTITUTA SALUS 1767 .
Maria Theresa came down with a severe attack of smallpox shortly after her fiftieth birthday in May 1767, caught from her daughter-in-law and empress, Maria Josepha of Bavaria. Maria Theresa survived, but the new empress did not. Maria Theresa forced her daughter Archduchess Maria Josepha to pray with her in the Imperial Crypt next to the unsealed tomb of Empress Maria Josepha. Maria Josepha started showing smallpox rash two days after visiting the crypt and soon died. Maria Carolina was to replace her as the pre-determined bride of King Ferdinand IV of Naples. Maria Theresa blamed herself for her daughter's death for the rest of her life because, at the time, the concept of an extended incubation period was largely unknown and it was believed that Maria Josepha had caught smallpox from the body of the late empress.
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Maria Theresa (German: Maria Theresia, see also other languages; May 13, 1717 – November 29, 1780) was a reigning Archduchess of Austria, a Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and a Holy Roman Empress.
Maria Theresa was the oldest daughter of Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Emperor Charles VI, who promulgated the Pragmatic Sanction to allow her to succeed to the Habsburg monarchy. Opposition to her acceding to the throne led to the War of the Austrian Succession in 1740. After Emperor Charles VII, who claimed the throne, died in 1745, Maria Theresa obtained the imperial crown for her husband, Francis I. Though she was technically empress consort, Maria Theresa was the de facto ruler of the nation, and she began styling herself Holy Roman Empress in 1745. Maria Theresa had in fact already begun her rule in 1740 during the Austrian War of Succession.
Maria Theresa helped initiate financial and educational reforms, promoted commerce and the development of agriculture, and reorganized the army, all of which strengthened Austria's resources. Continued conflict with the Kingdom of Prussia led to the Seven Years' War and later to the War of the Bavarian Succession. She became dowager empress after the death of Francis and ascession of her son Joseph as emperor in 1765. Maria Theresa criticized many of Joseph's actions but agreed to the First Partition of Poland (1772). A key figure in the power politics of 18th century Europe, Maria Theresa brought unity to the Habsburg Monarchy and was considered one of its most capable rulers. Her 16 children also included Marie Antoinette, queen consort of France, and Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor.
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