1768, Field Marshall, Lord Ligonier, Letter Signed, Re: Favor Owed
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1768, Field Marshall, Lord Ligonier, Letter Signed, Re: Favor Owed:
This item is a wonderful,original letter dated 1768, where Lord Ligonier has written a letter to a contemporary regarding saving the family reputation of Captain Desbrisay.. Letter is 8x9, double sided page, in overall very fine shape.
Field Marshall John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, KB, PC (7 November 1680 – 28 April 1770) was a French-born British soldier. He enjoyed a distinguished career as an active officer, and later became a leading official of the Pitt-Newcastle Ministry that led Britain during the Seven Years' War exercising extensive control over Britain's army as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces.
He fought, with distinction, in the War of the Spanish Succession and was one of the first to mount the breach at the siege of Liège in October 1702.After becoming a captain in the 10th Foot on 10 February 1703, he commanded a company at the battles of Schellenberg in July 1704 and Blenheim in August 1704, and was present at Menen (where he led the storming of the covered way) as well as Ramillies in May 1706, Oudenarde in July 1708 and Malplaquet in September 1709(where he received twenty three bullets through his clothing yet remained unhurt).In 1712, he became governor of Fort St. Philip, Minorca.During the War of the Quadruple Alliance in 1719 he was adjutant-general of the troops employed in the Vigo expedition, where he led the stormers of Pontevedra.
Two years later he became colonel of the Black Horse. He was made a brigadier general in 1735, major general in 1739, and accompanied Lord Stair in the Rhine Campaign of 1742 to 173. He was promoted to lieutenant general in 1743 and George II made him a Knight of the Bath on the field of Dettingen in June 1743. At Fontenoy in May 1745, Ligonier commanded the British, Hanoverian, and Hessian infantry.
During the Jacobite rising of 1745 he was called home to command the British army in the Midlands. In November 1745 he led a column of troops sent to Lancashire to oppose the rebels.Having been promoted to the rank of general of horse on 3 January 1746, he was placed at the head of the British and British-paid contingents of the Allied army in the Low Countries in June 1746.
In September 1757, following the disgrace of the Duke of Cumberland who had signed the Convention of Klosterzeven, Ligonier was made Commander-in-Chief of the Forces.He worked closely with the Pitt-Newcastle Ministry who sought his strategic advice in connection with the Seven Years' War which was underway at this time. Ligonier was also made a field marshal on 3 December 1757, Colonel of the 1st Foot Guards on the same date and a peer of Ireland on 10 December 1757 under the title of Viscount Ligonier of Enniskillen.He was notionally given command of British forces in the event of a planned French invasion in 1759 though it never ultimately occurred. He stood down as commander-in-chief in 1759 and became Master-General of the Ordnance. He was given a further Irish peerage on 1 May 1762 as Viscount Ligonier of Clonmell (with remainder to his nephew) and on 19 April 1763 he became a Baron, and on 6 September 1766 an Earl, in the British peerage.
He spent his later years at Cobham Park in Cobham, Surrey, where the unmarried Earl boasted a harem of young girls. Ligonier died, still unmarried, on 28 April 1770 and was buried in Cobham Church.
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