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1794, Toulon, Manuscript, Burning Of The Fort And Town, Signed By Petitioner For Sale
This item is a wonderful original document, dated 1794, Livourne, where Captain d'Heudicourt de Lenoncourt has written a petition to Sir Gilbert Eliot, Minister in charge, detailing the kindness he offered the British while they were there, but suffered greatly when the burned the Fort and all the housing to prevent t from falling back into Italian hands......a great manuscript, partial translation, the last page of translation seems to be missing, thought the manuscript is complete. A great read, worthy of further research. Document is 8x14, folds, not all of the text fit on my scanner, in overall fine shape.
Siege of Toulon, (Aug. 28–Dec. 19, 1793), military engagement of the French Revolutionary Wars, in which the young artillery officer Napoleon Bonaparte won his first military reputation by forcing the withdrawal of the Anglo-Spanish fleet, which was occupying the city of Toulon and its forts.
France was engaged in wars against many of the monarchist states of Europe – but the rebels had invited in British ships and handed over control to their commanders. Toulon had some of the thickest and most advanced defences, not just in France, but in Europe, and would have to be retaken by the revolutionary forces to help secure the nation.
On August 27–28 French royalist counterrevolutionaries handed over this major French naval base and arsenal to an Anglo-Spanish fleet under the command of Vice Admiral Lord Hood and Admiral Juan de Lángara. The British fleet also seized more than 70 French ships, almost half of the French Navy.
Gilbert Elliot Murray Kynnynmond, fourth baronet, and first earl of Minto, a distinguished statesman, was born April 23, 1751.
In January 1777, he had married Anna Maria, eldest daughter of Sir George Amyand, Bart., and soon after he succeeded his father as baronet. At the breaking out of the French Revolution, he and many of his friends became the supporters of the government.
In July 1793 he was created by the university of Oxford doctor of civil laws. The same year he acted as a commissioner for the protection of the royalists of Toulon, in France. The people of Corsica having sought the protection of Great Britain, Sir Gilbert Elliot was appointed governor of that island, and in the end of September 1793 was sworn in a member of the privy council. Early in 1794 the principal strongholds of Corsica were surrendered by the French to the British arms; the king accepted the sovereignty of the island; and on June 19, 1794, Sir Gilbert, as viceroy, presided in a general convention of Corsican deputies, at which a code of laws, modelled on the constitution of Great Britain, was adopted.
The French had still a strong party in the island, who, encouraged by the successes of the French armies in Italy, at last rose in arms against the British authority. The insurrection at Bastia, the capital of the island, was suppressed in June 1796; but the French party gradually acquiring strength, while sickness and diversity of opinion rendered the situation of the British very precarious, it was resolved, in September following, to abandon the island. Sir Gilbert returned to England early in 1797, and in the subsequent October was raised to the peerage of the United Kingdom as Baron Minto, with the special distinction accorded him of bearing with his family arms in chief the arms of Corsica.
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1794, Toulon, Manuscript, Burning Of The Fort And Town, Signed By Petitioner: $48