March 25th, 2015 Day to Remember Slavery Victims and Transatlantic Slave Trade March 25th, 2015 Maryland Day March 25th, 2015 World Solidarity Day for Detained and Missing Workers March 26th, 2015 Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole Day March 29th, 2015 Palm Sunday March 30th, 2015 Seward's Day March 31st, 2015 César Chávez Day April 2nd, 2015 Maundy Thursday April 2nd, 2015 Pascua Florida Day April 2nd, 2015 World Autism Awareness Day April 3rd, 2015 Good Friday April 4th, 2015 First day of Passover April 4th, 2015 United Nations' Mine Awareness Day April 4th, 2015 Holy Saturday April 5th, 2015 Easter Sunday April 6th, 2015 Easter Monday April 7th, 2015 Day to Remember Rwanda Genocide Victims April 7th, 2015 United Nations' World Health Day April 10th, 2015 Orthodox Good Friday April 11th, 2015 Orthodox Holy Saturday April 11th, 2015 Last day of Passover April 12th, 2015 Orthodox Easter April 12th, 2015 International Day of Human Space Flight April 13th, 2015 Orthodox Easter Monday April 15th, 2015 Tax Day April 15th, 2015 Father Damien Day April 16th, 2015 Yom HaShoah April 16th, 2015 Emancipation Day April 20th, 2015 Patriot's Day April 21st, 2015 San Jacinto Day April 22nd, 2015 Oklahoma Day April 22nd, 2015 Administrative Professionals Day April 22nd, 2015 Earth Day April 23rd, 2015 World Book and Copyright Day April 23rd, 2015 Yom HaAtzmaut April 24th, 2015 Arbor Day April 25th, 2015 World Malaria Day April 26th, 2015 World Intellectual Property Day
1834 Canton Stampless Letter By Augustine Heard 1834 China Tea & Opium Trade For Sale
This extremely rare folded stampless letter was written by Augustine Heard in Canton in January of 1834 four years before he founded Augustine Heard and Company. The letter is written and signed by Heard. The letter was sent to Oliver Sparhawk Esq. Cambridge, Massachusetts.Each page measures approx. 8 x 9 1/2 inches. There is a tear where the letter was sealed otherwise very good condition! As with all of myitems I am starting this sale at $9.99 with !
Augustine Heard and Company (Augustine Heard & Co.) was a major nineteenth century American trading firm in China whose operations consisted in importing and exporting a large array of goods, including tea and opium.
Augustine Heard & Co. was founded in 1840, in Canton, China by Ipswich, MA businessman, traveller, trader and former Samuel Russell & Co. partner Augustine Heard, and his partners, Joseph Coolidge and John Murray Forbes. Throughout its history, it was run in large part by Heard family members, most notably Heard's four nephews from his brother George Washington Heard: John, Augustine, Albert Farley and George Washington Jr.
In 1841, Augustine Heard, who had previously lived in China but had returned for health reasons to Ipswich, returned to China to head the firm until 1844. There, business flourished, notably because of the use of fast clipper ships and the import of steamships. Tea, one of the main commodities traded, did not provide much profit compared to opium, which enabled the firm's finances to soar, Augustine Heard & Co. becoming the third largest American firm in China in the mid-nineteenth century. The firm also introduced steamships to China, and imported them through its sister firm in the U.S. The firm also became the main trading agent for several large firms, including Liverpool firm John Swire & Sons Limited. in 1861.
In 1844, Heard began travelling extensively, and handed control over the firm to his partners. Among Heard's partners, his four nephews we most active and ably directed the firm. John Heard led the firm until his departure in 1852; Augustine Heard II then took over the leadership of the firm and became the first Westerner permitted to trade in Siam in 1855. When his brother John returned to take the leadership again, the younger Augustine became the firm's representative to Europe. Albert Farley later took over the firm and, finally, George Washington Jr. who remained in China until the firm's collapse.
The firm prospered until the 1870s when, just like its rivals, it encountered financial difficulties, and finally went bankrupt in 1875
This item has been shown 0 times.
1834 Canton Stampless Letter By Augustine Heard 1834 China Tea & Opium Trade: $1,083