Holidays.net Online Store

Holdays.net Home


March 1st, 2015
St. David's Day

March 2nd, 2015
Read Across America Day

March 2nd, 2015
Texas Independence Day

March 2nd, 2015
Casimir Pulaski Day

March 3rd, 2015
Town Meeting Day Vermont

March 5th, 2015
Purim

March 8th, 2015
International Women's Day

March 8th, 2015
Daylight Saving Time starts

March 17th, 2015
Evacuation Day

March 17th, 2015
St. Patrick's Day

March 20th, 2015
Vernal equinox

March 21st, 2015
World Poetry Day

March 21st, 2015
International Day of Nowruz

March 21st, 2015
World Down Syndrome Day

March 21st, 2015
World Day to Eliminate Racial Discrimination

March 22nd, 2015
World Water Day

March 23rd, 2015
World Meteorological Day

March 24th, 2015
World Day for Truth concerning Human Rights Violations

March 24th, 2015
World Tuberculosis Day

March 25th, 2015
Maryland Day

March 25th, 2015
World Solidarity Day for Detained and Missing Workers

March 25th, 2015
Day to Remember Slavery Victims and Transatlantic Slave Trade

March 26th, 2015
Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole Day

March 29th, 2015
Palm Sunday

March 30th, 2015
Seward's Day

March 31st, 2015
César Chávez Day

April 2nd, 2015
Maundy Thursday

April 2nd, 2015
Pascua Florida Day

April 2nd, 2015
World Autism Awareness Day

 



Search:

1854 Canton Stampless Letter By Augustine Heard & Co. China Tea & Opium Trade For Sale

1854 Canton Stampless Letter By Augustine Heard & Co.    China Tea & Opium Trade

Thisrare folded stampless letteris signed"Augustine Heardand Co."and was sent fromCanton, ChinainMarch of 1854. There arethree different letters written on this four page paper. Each letter is addressed to "Benjamin Newton Esq. New York." And each letter is signed "Augustine Heard & Co." The first letter is dated "Canton February 1854" the second letter is dated"Canton 8 March 1854" and the third letter isdated "Canton, 9 March 1854". Thelettersare about goods to be shipped on the ship "Roebuck"to sail for New York. Each page measures approx. 8 x 10 inches. The letter has a tear where it was sealed otherwise very good condition!As with all of myitems I am starting this sale at $9.99 with !

Benjamin Newton was a native of Newport, Rhode Island. He acted in the capacity of supercargo and roving merchant for cargoes of many vessels rather than as master of a single ship. In 1844-1845, he sailed with the Huntress to Canton and there helped dispose of her cargo. In 1847-1849 and 1849-1850 the Talbot sailed under Capt. Story and Capt. Blish to Singapore while Newton traveled by an overland route through Europe and met the ship at Singapore to sell its cargo. He did the same when the Esther sailed to Canton under Captain Stevens in 1850. Newton acted as a sort of roving agent for the New York commission merchant Gordon & Talbot and the closely aligned Canton merchant firm Olyphant & Co. The founding partners in both Gordon & Talbot and Olyphant & Co. were also Newport families and it's mostly likely this connection that brought Newton to China. By 1852, Newton was back in the United States, first in Newport and later in New York City. Newton's brother James and his nephew John partnered in a San Francisco, California wholesale dry goods and commission business which Benjamin helped facilitate through his connections with Augustine Heard & Co.

Augustine Heard and Company (Augustine Heard & Co.) was a major nineteenth century American trading firm in China whose operations consisted in importing and exporting a large array of goods, including tea and opium.

Augustine Heard & Co. was founded in 1840, in Canton, China by Ipswich, MA businessman, traveller, trader and former Samuel Russell & Co. partner Augustine Heard, and his partners, Joseph Coolidge and John Murray Forbes. Throughout its history, it was run in large part by Heard family members, most notably Heard's four nephews from his brother George Washington Heard: John, Augustine, Albert Farley and George Washington Jr.

In 1841, Augustine Heard, who had previously lived in China but had returned for health reasons to Ipswich, returned to China to head the firm until 1844. There, business flourished, notably because of the use of fast clipper ships and the import of steamships. Tea, one of the main commodities traded, did not provide much profit compared to opium, which enabled the firm's finances to soar, Augustine Heard & Co. becoming the third largest American firm in China in the mid-nineteenth century. The firm also introduced steamships to China, and imported them through its sister firm in the U.S. The firm also became the main trading agent for several large firms, including Liverpool firm John Swire & Sons Limited. in 1861.[1]

In 1844, Heard began travelling extensively, and handed control over the firm to his partners. Among Heard's partners, his four nephews we most active and ably directed the firm. John Heard led the firm until his departure in 1852; Augustine Heard II then took over the leadership of the firm and became the first Westerner permitted to trade in Siam in 1855. When his brother John returned to take the leadership again, the younger Augustine became the firm's representative to Europe. Albert Farley later took over the firm and, finally, George Washington Jr. who remained in China until the firm's collapse.[2]

The firm prospered until the 1870s when, just like its rivals, it encountered financial difficulties, and finally went bankrupt in 1875


1854 Canton Stampless Letter By Augustine Heard & Co.    China Tea & Opium Trade

This item has been shown 0 times.

Buy Now

1854 Canton Stampless Letter By Augustine Heard & Co. China Tea & Opium Trade:
$565




1888 Winter Park Fl Cover U277 Cork Cancel 19th Century picture
1888 Winter Park Fl Cover U277 Cork Cancel 19th Century


Us Covers Scott # 279 July 15, 1902 Advertising Frm San Jose To San Francisco Ca picture
Us Covers Scott # 279 July 15, 1902 Advertising Frm San Jose To San Francisco Ca


Uspc To Garland Maine (1 Card) -1 picture
Uspc To Garland Maine (1 Card) -1


Uspc From Maine (1 Card) -2 picture
Uspc From Maine (1 Card) -2


Us Used Scott # U71 From Bank In Maine 1891 (1 Envelope) picture
Us Used Scott # U71 From Bank In Maine 1891 (1 Envelope)


Us Cover Scott # C11 - Cancel
Us Cover Scott # C11 - Cancel "let's Go Citizens Military Training Camp" -4


Us C11 Advertising Cover Front & Back Different Businesses Dtd April 24, 1929 -1 picture
Us C11 Advertising Cover Front & Back Different Businesses Dtd April 24, 1929 -1


Us Cover Scott # 136 Or 147 (type A46) Rittery (?) Depot, Maine Cancel  picture
Us Cover Scott # 136 Or 147 (type A46) Rittery (?) Depot, Maine Cancel


Us Ad Cover Scott # C11 - Cancel
Us Ad Cover Scott # C11 - Cancel "let's Go Citizens Military Training Camp" -8


1972 United States Stamps picture
1972 United States Stamps