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1863 Confederate Pass For Gen Marcus Wright - Signed Bf Cheatham & Leonidas Polk For Sale
1863 Confederate Pass for General Marcus Wright. Signed by Major GeneralBenjamin Franklin Cheatham and on reverse Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk. [see #1]" Hd Quar Mar 17th 63 Shelbyville [Tennessee] Gen. M. [Marcus] J [Joseph] Wright has permission to go to Winchester for three [?] days to arrange the [?] of his Qmast B F Cheatham Mj Genl Comg" [see #2] On back is "Approved L. Polk Lieut Genl Comg" This is a campaign document that wouldrarely survive General Wright's return and is extremely rare. Dim: 4 1/2" x 5 9/16". Lined paper. Excellent condition. The generals signing or carrying the document are 1) Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (1820 - 1886) [see #3 from internet]was born near Nashville into one of the most prominent families in Tennessee. He fought in the Mexican War, sold supplies to the 49ers in California, was considered for Federal posts from Utah Territory toPanama,ran for Mayor of Nashville [lost] and joined the Confederate Army as a Brigadier General. He fought in almost every battle of the Army of Tennessee. His record was good except for charges of being inebriated at Stones' River/Murfreesboro, TN[just before this document was produced] and his failure at Spring Hill, TN which caused a lifelong rift with John Bell Hood. He ran for Congress in 1872 [lost], was Superintendent of Prisons, 1874 - 1878 and Postmaster of Nashville [1885-1886]. The other signatory Leonidas Polk (1806-1864)[ see #4 from internet] was if anything from a more powerful Tennessee family. Polk was born in North Carolina but his father got a huge land grant in Middle Tennessee where the family moved. He graduated from West Point in 1827 but almost immediately left to go to Virginia Theological Seminary. He was ordained an Episcopal priest, was the largest slaveowner in Maury County, TN [between 215 and 400 slaves], was appointed Missionary Bishop of the Southwest in 1838,became Bishop of Louisiana in 1841 and founded the University of the South at Sewanee, TN in 1860. Controversy seemed to follow Polk all through the War from his attempt to occupy Columbus, KY [helped keep Kentucky in the Union] tohis slowness at Perryville, KY; from his failure to attack at Chickamauga, GA to his running battle with Confederate General Braxton Bragg. Polk was killed June 14, 1864 by Union cannon fire. The man actually carrying the document was Marcus Joseph Wright (1831-1922) [see #5 from internet]He was born in Purdy, TN and practiced law in Memphis. At the outbreak of the War he built Tennessee's first military training camp and was Confederate military Governor at Columbus, KY. He was on General Cheatham's staff and was promoted to Brigadier General 12/13/1862. He fought in the Tullahoma Campaign and at Chickamauga, GA and Missionary Ridge, TN. He later had charge of the Atlanta District and commanded at Macon, GA. After the War he practiced law in Memphis and Washington DC;was publisher ofthe Columbia Tennessee Journal and in 1872 began collecting Confederate military records for the War of the Rebellion collection. Document mentions Shelbyville and Winchester which would have been correct as this was the period between the Battle of Stones' River/Murfreesboro December 31, 1862 - January 2,1863 and the beginning of the Tullahoma Campaign June 24to July 3, 1863. Tullahoma was south of Shelbyville and north of Winchester. All texts, even the most simple have context and this small document is no exception. Cheatham and Polk seved together a long time with Polk as the senior officer and they seemed to get along. They were united in opposition to Army commander, Braxton Bragg. Wright seemed to be able to get along with everyone including Bragg. However this was a difficult moment for Wright as he had just been assigned to replace ailing Brigade commander, Daniel S. Donelson. The troops are appalled as they expected a "fighting man" like Colonel John Savage of the 16th Tennesseeto take command. Wright had basically been a staff officer.George Winchester, BrigadeQuartermaster [might be man Wright is visiting] is dumbfounded by Wright's promotion and the men are angry. Colonel Savage resigned accusing Confederate Tennessee Governor, Isham Harris of preventing him getting command of the Brigade. This occurred January 8, 1863 and the Army had just gone into quarters at Tullahoma March 1st 1863. Wrighthad lots of fences to mend inthe Brigade and this may be part of the process. He did have significantadministrator abilities.Now the big question. Are the signatures those of the generals ? No question about Cheatham. Its his signature, just compare with #6. Polk's signature seems to change alot. Compare with #7. There are similarities and differences. Although the succesion of signatures is correct, I cannot totally 100% claim Polk's is his but it might be. Does anyone know? A fantastic ConfederateCivil War 1863document right from Corps Headquarters. Sent flat.Please ask questions. Insurance provided.
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1863 Confederate Pass For Gen Marcus Wright - Signed Bf Cheatham & Leonidas Polk: $788