Incredible 1815 Letter To President James Madison Napoleon Capture - Waterloo **
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Incredible 1815 Letter To President James Madison Napoleon Capture - Waterloo **:
INCREDIBLE 1815 Letter to President James Madison NAPOLEON Capture - Waterloo **
Original and historically important letter! A true piece of American history. I am starting this sale at an incredible $199, please offer if interested because at this price it will most likely sell. I was told by a major sale house that their estimate was $700-1200 with a STRONG upside potential but it did not meet their $5000 minimum value for the upcoming sale! Here is your chance to own a wonderful piece of American history.
Boston August 1815 letter from Richard Cutts to his brother in law President James Madison! Mr Cutts gives the historical report that Napoleon was imprisoned after the battle of Waterloo upon his return to Paris. This may be the first report to the President of Napoleon'simprisonment! "Captain Morris of the Congress Frigate reports that Bonaparte after the action of the 18th returned to Paris for more men found Paris on posession of the Bourbons and his princes..... imprisoned by the Bourbons" he said that there is another ship coming that could confirm the news. "Cutts rc 1815" written on the back, possibly in Madison's hand. The news was actually delivered to Cutts by Commodore Captain Charles Morris 1784-1856.
You can see in the scans that there was a piece of tape on the right side of the letter years ago, also someone secured a backing under the signature. There is a pencil inscription "sailing ship" on the top. I found this among many other letters and documents purchased at sale, it was placed loose in a folder! It is amazing how this letter could have been overlooked for years. I have found many letters written to and from Richard Cutts and James Madison but the only one similar is a letter announcing news of the Battle of Waterloo to the President, it was sold at sale in 1919! You can view the lot below, page 105 lot Cutts 1771-1845 was married to the sister of Dolley Madison.
From: Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans 1904
Richard Cutts, representative, was born on Cutts island, Saco, Maine, June 28, 1771; son of Col. Thomas and Elizabeth (Scammon) Cutts; a cousin of Charles Cutts and a descendant in the fourth generation of Robert Cutt of Kittery. He was graduated from Harvard in 1790, became a lawyer, and afterward engaged with his father as a merchant, during the time visiting Europe on one of their ships. He served in the Massachusetts legislature, 1799-1800, and in 1801 was elected a representative in the 7th congress to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of George Thatcher. He was re-elected to the 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th congresses, serving 1801-18. He displeased many of his constituents by voting in favor of a declaration of war against Great Britain and at the election Nov. 2, 1812, he was defeated as a representative to the 13th congress by Cyrus King. He was superintendent-general of military supplies, 1813-14, president of the office of discount and deposit of the United States bank, 1814-17, and second comptroller of the treasury, 1817-29. He was married in 1804, to Anna Payne, a sister of Dolly Madison, wife of President Madison, and their son, James Madison Cutts, was second comptroller of the treasury during Buchanan's and Lincoln's administrations. James Madison Cutts's daughter, Rose Adele, was married, Nov. 20, 1856, to Stephen A. Douglas, and after the death of Senator Douglas, to Col. Robert Williams, U.S.A. Richard Cults died in Washington, D.C., April 7, Madison, Jr. (March 16, 1751 (O.S. March 5) – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and political theorist, the fourth President of the United States (1809–1817). He is hailed as the “Father of the Constitution” for being instrumental in the drafting of the United States Constitution and as the key champion and author of the United States Bill of Rights. He served as a politician much of his adult life. Like other Virginia statesmen in the slave society, he was a slaveholder and part of the élite; he inherited his plantation known as Montpelier, and owned hundreds of slaves during his lifetime to cultivate Tobacco and other crops.
After the constitution had been drafted, Madison became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify it. His collaboration with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay produced the Federalist Papers (1788). Circulated only in New York at the time, they would later be considered among the most important polemics in support of the Constitution. He was also a delegate to the Virginia constitutional ratifying convention, and was instrumental to the successful ratification effort in Virginia. Like most of his contemporaries, Madison changed his political views during his life. During the drafting and ratification of the constitution, he favored a strong national government, though later he grew to favor stronger state governments, before settling between the two extremes late in his life. Madison supported the three-fifths compromise believing slaves were human property and would be under the protection of their masters and the government.
In 1789, Madison became a leader in the new House of Representatives, drafting many basic laws. He is notable for drafting the first ten amendments to the Constitution, and thus is known as the "Father of the Bill of Rights". Madison worked closely with President George Washington to organize the new federal government. Breaking with Hamilton and what became the Federalist Party in 1791, Madison and Thomas Jefferson organized what they called the Republican Party (later called by historians the Democratic-Republican Party)
As Jefferson’s Secretary of State (1801–1809), Madison supervised the Louisiana Purchase, which doubled the nation’s size. After his election to the presidency, he presided over renewed prosperity for several years. As president (1809–17), after the failure of diplomatic protests and a trade embargo against Great Britain, he led the nation into the War of 1812. He was responding to British encroachments on American honor and rights; in addition, he wanted to end the influence of the British among their Indian allies, whose resistance blocked United States settlement in the Midwest around the Great Lakes. Madison found the war to be an administrative nightmare, as the United States had neither a strong army nor financial system; as a result, he afterward supported a stronger national government and a strong military, as well as the national bank, which he had long opposed.
Napoleon Bonaparte[napole?~ b?n?pa?t], Italian:Napoleone Buonaparte; 15 August 1769– 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of theFrench Revolutionand its associatedwarsin Europe.
AsNapoleon I, he wasEmperor of the Frenchfrom 1804 to 1815. His legal reform, theNapoleonic Code, has been a major influence on manycivil lawjurisdictions worldwide, but he is best remembered for his role in the wars led against France by a series of coalitions, the so-calledNapoleonic Wars. He established hegemony over most of continental Europe and sought to spread the ideals of the French Revolution, while consolidating animperial monarchywhich restored aspects of the deposedAncien Régime.Due to his success in these wars, often against numerically superior enemies, he is generally regarded as one of the greatest military commanders of all time, and his campaigns are studied at military academies worldwide.
Napoleon was born a family ofnoble Italianancestry which had settled Corsica in the 16th century. He trained as an artillery officer in mainland France. He rose to prominence under theFrench First Republicand led successful campaigns against arrayed against France. He led a successful invasion of the Italian peninsula.
In 1799, he staged acoup d'étatand installed himself asFirst Consul; five years later the French Senate proclaimed him emperor, following aplebiscitein his favour. In the first decade of the 19th century, theFrench Empireunder Napoleon engaged in a series of conflicts—the Napoleonic Wars—that involved every major European power.After a streak of victories, France secured a dominant position in continental Europe, and Napoleon maintained the Frenchsphere of influencethrough the formation of extensive alliances and the appointment of friends and family members to rule other European countries as Frenchclient states.
ThePeninsular Warand 1812French invasion of Russiamarked turning points in Napoleon's fortunes. HisGrande Arméewas badly damaged in the campaign and never fully recovered. In 1813, theSixth Coalitiondefeated his forcesat Leipzig; the following year the Coalition invaded France, forced Napoleon to abdicate and exiled him to the island ofElba. Less than a year later, he escaped Elba and returned to power, but was defeated at theBattle of Waterlooin June 1815. Napoleon spent the last six years of his life in confinement by the British on the island ofSaint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died ofstomach cancer, but there has been some debate about the cause of his death, as some scholars have speculated that he was a victim ofarsenic poisoning.