Nice Kosher Natla Jewish Hand Washing/wash Cup,netilat Yadayim Judaica Synagogue For Sale
Nice and Handy Metal Natla - Jewish Hand Washing Cup, Brand New
This lovely Hand washing cup is cast of stainless steel in red Bronze/Copper finish
Large size and Kosher, holds about 0.5 Liter / 17 Ounce / 0.9 Pint
Size (Height) : 4.3 inch / 11 cm
Diameter (Top,Bottom): 5.1, 3.3 inch / 13, 8.5 cm
Great Judaica Jewish gift, for friend and home, synagogue, holidays festivals events and other "Simchas"! (happy occasions)
Washing the hands (from Wikipedia)General basis in Jewish law
The rabbis of the Talmud derived the requirement of washing the hands as a consequence of the statement inLeviticus15:11
And whoever he that hath issue (azav, ejaculant with an unusual discharge) touches without having rinsed his hands in water, he shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.
I will wash my hands in innocence; so will I compass Thine altar, O LORD.
TheTalmudinferred the specific requirements of hand-washing from these passages.
The general Hebrew term for ritual hand washing isnetilat yadayim, meaninglifting up of the hands. The term "the washing of hands" after evacuation is sometimes referred to as "to washasher yatzar" referring to thebracha(blessing) said which starts with these words.
Halakha(Jewish law) requires that the water used for ritual washing be naturally pure, unused, not contain other substances, and not be discoloured. The water also must be poured from a vessel as a human act, on the basis of references in the Bible to this practice, e.g.Elishapouring water upon the hands ofElijah. Water should be poured on each hand at least twice. A clean dry substance should be used instead if water is unavailable
Contemporary practice is to pour water on each hand three times for most purposes using a cup, and alternating the hands between each occurrence; this ritual is now known by theYiddishtermnegel vasser, meaningnail water. This Yiddish term is also used for a special cup used for such washing.
At meals"Ntillat yadayim" redirects here.
TheBabylonian Talmuddiscusses two types of washing at meals: washing before a meal is described asfirst waters(the Hebrew term ismayim rishonim), and after a meal is known aslast waters(the Hebrew term ismayim aharonim). The first term has generally fallen from contemporary usage; the second term has stuck. The modern term for the former isNtillat yadayim, washing of hands. Washing before meals is normative inOrthodox Judaism.
TheGemarahof theBabylonian talmudcontains homilectic descriptions of the importance of the practice, including an argument that washing before meals is so important that neglecting it is tantamount to unchastity, and risks divine punishment in the form of sudden destruction or poverty.The discussion ofmayim acharonim, washing after meals, contains a suggestion that washing after meals, as a health measure, is the more important of the two washings, on grounds that the salt used as a preservative in food could cause blindness if the eyes were rubbed without washing.
Althoughmayim acharonimwas once not widely practiced (for example, until recently it did not appear in many Orthodox PassoverHaggadahs) it has undergone something of a revival and has become more widely observed in recent years, particularly for special meals such as theShabbatandJewish holidays.Conservative Judaismhas supported discontinuing the practice ofmayim acharonimon the grounds that the rabbis of the Talmud instituted it as a health measure, and since modern foods no longer contain preservatives so dangerous as to cause blindness upon contact with the eyes, washing the hands after meals is no longer required and can be discontinued by contemporary rabbinic decision.
The standardPassover Sederhas an additional, third washing, prior to eating the green vegetable, which is considered an act of eating separate from the meal. In Orthodox Judaism, it also has the same types of washings as any other meal, one before the meal and one after. Only the one before the meal is generally done outside Orthodox Judaism
Before worshipA sink for ritual hand washing at the entrance to theRamban Synagogue.
According to theShulchan Aruch, a person should wash both hands before prayer, based on a tradition requiring ritual purification upon entering theTemple in Jerusalem, in whose absence prayer, inOrthodox Judaism, serves in its place.
Before the Priestly Blessing
InOrthodox Judaism(and, in some cases, inConservative Judaism),Kohanim, members of the priestly class, offer thePriestly Blessingbefore the congregation on certain occasions. Before performing their offices, they are required to wash their hands. Judaism traditionally traces this requirement to theTorah:
And Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat; when they go into the tent of meeting, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to cause an offering made by fire to smoke unto the LORD.
It is customary forLevitesto pour the water over the hands of the Kohanim and to assist them in other ways. In many communities, washing the feet before the Priestly Blessing is not practiced in the absence of aTemple in Jerusalem.
TheTalmudstates God commanded Jewsto wash the handsand provides the text of thenetilat yadaimblessing still in use.
According to theShulchan Arucha person who slept is required to wash upon arising, and says thenatilat yadayimblessing.
The hands are also washed:
after visiting the bathroom, the ritual washing of one's hands as a symbol of both bodily cleanliness and of removing human impurity.
after cutting one's hair or nails
after participating in a funeral procession, upon leaving a cemetery, or coming within four cubits of a corpse
after touching a normally covered part of your body(private parts, back , arm pits, etc.)
after touching inside of nose and ear
after touching the scalp, but not if you just touched the hair
prior to scribal work (optional)
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