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Saint Thomas Aquinas Middle Ages/medieval Theology & Philosophy/demons Rare 1569 For Sale
EXTREMELY RARE, ORIGINAL 1569 EDITION OF: "QUAESTIONES DISPUTATAE". This important 16th century work was written by St. Thomas Aquinas and printed by Gulielmum Rouillium, Lyons [i.e., Lyon], France. Historically significant text contains author's disputed questions on various subjects includingthe power of God, evil, virtues, divine ideas, human freedom, etc. As with his "Summa" which deals exhaustively with demonology, Aquinas here addresses the question of demons [i.e., "Daemonibus"] in thorough fashion. His influential view on this subject was often misinterpreted and exploited in later centuries, giving rise to manyanti-heretical activitiesincluding witch hunts.Folio handsomelybound in full contemporary blind tooled calfskin [leather] over wooden boards, with rolled knotwork tools featuring fleur-di-lis and a crowned dragon, tools in innermost compartment tooled in a tarnished silver leaf;This is a particularly scarce edition of Aquinas' classic work. WorldCat locates only 2 other known copies [OCLC No. 493272092; Bibliothèque interuniversitaire Sainte-Geneviève, Paris, andBibliothèque universitaire, Limoges].The Dominican theologian Saint Thomas Aquinas was the foremost medieval Scholasticist. He developed his own conclusions from Aristotelian premises, notably in the metaphysics of personality, creation, and providence. As a theologian he was responsible for many masterpieces, for the classical systematization of Latin theology; and as a poet he wrote some of the most gravely beautiful eucharistic hymns in the church's liturgy. His doctrinal system and the explanations and developments made by his followers are known as Thomism. Although many modern Roman Catholic theologians do not find St. Thomas altogether congenial, he is nevertheless recognized by the Roman Catholic Church as its greatest Western philosopher and theologian."Thomas Aquinas (1225-74) was a Dominican friar and arguably the most influential Christian philosopher and theologian of all time" [see: "Readings in Philosophy of Religion: Ancient to Contemporary", Zagzebski & Miller]. "St Thomas (b.1225 or 1226, d.1274) is regarded as the greatest of scholastic philosophers...St. Thomas...is not only of historical interest, but is a living influence, like Plato, Aristotle, Kant and Hegel--more, in fact, than the latter two" [see: "The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell", Vol. 10]."Aquinas's point, to be endlessly elaborated in the demonology of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, was that Satan worked not miracles (miracula) but wonders (mira). What he did was different in kind from what God could do but different but different only in degree from the actions of mortals" [see: "Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe" by Stuart Clark, p. 153, Oxford University Press, 1997]."The later fifteenth century saw the increasing production of theoretical tracts on sorcery, witchcraft, and demonological activity, written by both lay judges and clerical inquisitors and demonologists...These treatises often echoed each other cumulatively, but occasionally one treatise or another would add a new dimension to the idea of the witch. In his 'Tractatus contra daemonum invocatores' of 1450, for example, the inquisitor Jean Vineti identified witchcraft as a new heresy. Vineti, a Dominican, directly referred to and applied the ideas of Thomas Aquinas to the problem of fifteenth-century demonological theory, extracting a single part of Aquinas's complex theological universe and focusing it on a particular problem, one that had not greatly concerned Aquinas himself" [see: "The Literature of Demonology and Witchcraft" by Edward Peters, Cornell University Library, Witchcraft Collection].Saint Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-1274) was a celebrated Catholic philosopher and theologian in the scholastic tradition. Born near Aquino, Italy, he studied with the Benedictines of Monte Cassino and at the University of Naples. Against the bitter opposition of his family, St. Thomas joined the Dominican order of mendicant friars in 1244. His brothers kidnapped him and held him captive for over a year, but in the end he made his way to Cologne where he become a pupil of Albertus Magnus. He later taught at Paris, France, and Anagni, Orvieto, Rome, and Viterbo, Italy.Saint Thomas gave birth to the Thomistic school of philosophy, which for years remained the primary philosophical approach of the Roman Catholic Church. He is considered the greatest theologian of the Catholic church, and is one of the thirty-three Doctors of the Church. His prolific writings display great intellectual power, and he came to wield enormous intellectual authority throughout the Church. In his philosophical writings, Saint Thomas attempted to combine and reconcile the scientific rationalism of Aristotle with Christian doctrines of faith and revelation.The philosophy of Aquinas has exerted enormous influence on subsequent Christian theology, especially that of the Roman Catholic Church, extending to Western philosophy in general, where he stands as a vehicle and modifier of Aristotelianism, which he fused with the thought of Augustine. Philosophically, his most important and enduring work is the Summa Theologica, in which he expounds his systemic theology of the quinquae viae. Aquinas viewed theology, or the sacred doctrine, as a science, the raw material data of which consists of written scripture and the tradition of the Catholic Church. These sources of data were produced by the self-revelation of God to individuals and groups of people throughout history.Faith and reason, while distinct but related, are the two primary tools for processing the data of theology. Aquinas believed both were necessary; or, rather, that the confluence of both was necessary - for one to obtain true knowledge of God. Aquinas blended Greek philosophy and Christian doctrine by suggesting that rational thinking and the study of nature, like revelation, were valid ways to understand truths pertaining to God. According to Aquinas, God reveals himself through nature, so to study nature is to study God. The ultimate goals of theology, in Aquinas’ mind, are to use reason to grasp the truth about God and to experience salvation through that truth.In Aquinas's thought, the goal of human existence is union and eternal fellowship with God. Specifically, this goal is achieved through the "Beautific Vision", an event in which a person experiences perfect, unending happiness by seeing the very essence of God. This vision, which occurs after death, is a gift from God given to those who have experienced salvation and redemption through Christ while living on earth. This ultimate goal carries implications for one's present life on earth.Aquinas stated that an individual's will must be ordered toward right things, such as charity, peace, and holiness. He sees this as the way to happiness. Aquinas orders his treatment of the moral life around the idea of happiness. The relationship between will and goal is antecedent in nature "because rectitude of the will consists in being duly ordered to the last end [that is, the beatific vision]." Those who truly seek to understand and see God will necessarily love what God loves. Such love requires morality and bears fruit in everyday human choices.Condition: Rare book remains good condition [see images]. Folio bound in full contemporary blind tooled calfskin [leather] over wooden boards, with rolled knotwork tools featuring fleur-di-lis and a crowned dragon, tools in innermost compartment tooled in a tarnished silver leaf; covers rubbed withcontemporary ink inscriptions on leaf edges at head, foot, and fore edge, old paper labels on spine, headcap bumped with partial loss of endband, clasps and catches lacking, structurally and functionally intact with no loss of leather along joints, mild toning and scattered minorspotting though generally clean internally. Text in Latin printed in parallel columns. Volumenumbers 386 leaves [i.e., 772 pages] and measures approx 13" tall x 9" wide x 2.5" thick. Quite a find and a very worthy acquisition indeed.Payment and Shipping: Please see our response and offer with confidence. Never a reserve and very low opening offer as always. For international shipping quote, please contact us. buyers with no established response must contact us before offerding. Massachusetts residents must add 6.25% sales tax or include dealer tax resale number. Payment must be received within 7 days after close of sale. Thanks for your interest!
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Saint Thomas Aquinas Middle Ages/medieval Theology & Philosophy/demons Rare 1569: $1,400