Reliquary Relic North American Martyrs (canadian Martyr
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Reliquary Relic North American Martyrs (canadian Martyr:
This is a antique copper theca with silver front,inside relics of the North American Martyrs.They are Saint Jean de Brebeuf,Saint Gabriel Lalemant and Charles Garnier.
Relics in place and wax seal and threads intact.Comes with its original document signed in 1925.There is no back cover with this theca.Comes from a closed monastery in Belgium.Diameter1.6 inch. Shipping and handling US$ 22.00 by insured priority mail and tracking number. All my items are securely packet, to avoid all possible damage. I prefure payment by Paypal.
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As per new rules, this item is allowed as it contains no human remains but objects of devotion.
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Saint Jean de Brébeuf (March 25, 1593 – March 16, 1649) was a Jesuit missionary, martyred in Canada on March 16, 1649.Biography Early years
Brébeuf was born in Condé-sur-Vire, Normandy, France. He was the uncle of the poet Georges de Brébeuf. He studied near home at Caen. He became a Jesuit in 1617, joining the Order. He was almost expelled from the Society because he contracted tuberculosis—an illness which prevented both studying and teaching for the traditional periods.Priestly years
In 1622 he was ordained. Against the voiced desires of Huguenot Protestants, officials of trading companies, and some native North Americans, he was granted his wish and in 1625 he sailed to Canada as a missionary, arriving on June 19, and lived with the Huron natives near Lake Huron, learning their customs and language, of which he became an expert (it is said that he wrote the first dictionary of the Huron language). He has been called Canada's "first serious ethnographer." Because of a war with England, Brébeuf was forced to return to France but when the peace was signed, he returned to the Hurons in 1634, travelling 1280km (800 miles) from Quebec via the Ottawa River. Brébeuf told many of his experiences in Canada in the Jesuit Relations, an invaluable source of early Canadian history. He was head of the Huron mission, a position he relinquished to Father Jérôme Lalemant in 1638. His success as a missionary was very slow and it was only in 1635 that he made his first converts [Jesuit Relations, p.11, vol. X]. He claimed to have made 14 as of 1635, and as of 1636 he said the number went up 86 [Jesuit Relations, p.11,vol. X]. The Jesuits were frequently blamed for disasters like epidemics, battle defeats, and crop failures and once Brébeuf was condemned to death and another time beaten.
He unsuccessfully attempted to convert the Neutral Nation on Lake Erie in 1640. After this failed mission, he returned to Quebec in 1641 and stayed there for three years. He returned to the Huron in 1644 and finally experienced some success. By 1647 there were thousands of converted Huron. In 1643 he wrote the Huron Carol, a Christmas carol which is still, in a very modified version, used today.
Brébeuf’s charismatic presence in the Huron country helped cause a split between traditionalist Huron and those who wanted to adopt European culture.
Montreal-based ethnohistorian Bruce Trigger argued that this cleavage in Huron society, along with the spread of disease from Europeans, left the Huron vulnerable.Martyrdom and canonization
However, the Iroquois began to win their war with the Hurons. They destroyed a large Huron village in 1648 and on March 16, 1649, 1200 Iroquois captured the mission of St. Ignace and then a few hours later captured another Huron village where they seized Brébeuf and his fellow Jesuit Gabriel Lalemant and brought them back to St. Ignace. There they were fastened to stakes and tortured to death by scalping, mock-baptism using boiling water, fire, necklaces of red hot hatchets and mutilation. According to Catholic tradition, Brébeuf did not make a single outcry while he was being tortured. Brébeuf was fifty-five years old.
Brébeuf’s body was recovered a few days later. His body was boiled in lye to remove the flesh, and the bones became church relics. His flesh was buried, along with Lalemant's, in one coffin, and today rests in the Church of St. Joseph at the reconstructed Jesuit mission of Sainte-Marie among the Hurons across Highway 12 from the Martyrs' Shrine Catholic Church near Midland, Ontario. A plaque near the grave of Jean de Brébeuf and Gabriel Lalemant was unearthed during excavations at Ste Marie in 1954. The letters read "P. Jean de Brébeuf /brusle par les Iroquois /le 17 de mars l'an/1649" (Father Jean de Brébeuf, burned by the Iroquois, 17 March 1649.
In September, 1984, Pope John Paul II prayed over Brébeuf's skull before saying an outdoor Mass on the grounds of the Martyrs' Shrine. Thousands of people came to hear him speak from a platform built especially for the day.
Brébeuf was said to have been massive in body, hugely strong, yet gentle in character. He was known as "The Apostle of the Hurons". The Huron people (Ouendat) called him "Echon". ["Echon" pronounced like "Ekon" – this name meaning "Healing Tree", as a representation of how much Brébeuf had helped the Hurons and of the medicines he brought them from Europe. An alternate definition for "Echon" is "he who bears the heavy load", as Brébeuf was massive in stature and carried more than his share when working with the Ouendat people.) John Steckley wrote that Jean de Brébeuf was the first of the Jesuits (hatitsihenstaatsi’, ‘they are called charcoal’) to become fluent in their language.
Brébeuf was canonized in 1930 with seven other missionaries, known as the North American Martyrs or Canadian Martyrs. He is a secondary patron saint of Canada. His feast day in Canada is celebrated on September 26, while in the United States it is celebrated on October 19.
It is said that the modern name of the Native North American sport of lacrosse was first coined by Brébeuf who thought that the sticks used in the game reminded him of a bishop's crosier (crosse in French, and with the feminine definite article, la crosse). Named for him
Many Jesuit schools are named after him, such as Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf in Montreal, Brébeuf College School in Toronto and Brebeuf Jesuit Preparatory School in Indianapolis, Indiana. St. John de Brebeuf Catholic High Schools in Abbotsford, British Columbia, Canada and Hamilton, Ontario, Canada are also named in his honour. There is a high school St-Jean de Brebeuf Catholic High School in Maple, Ontario, Canada. There is also Eglise St-Jean de Brebeuf in Sudbury, Ontario.
The parish municipality of Brébeuf, Quebec is named after him, as is rue de Brébeuf on the Plateau Mont-Royal in Montreal.
Saint Gabriel Lalemant (October 3, 1610, Paris, France – March 17, 1649, Saint Ignace, Ontario) was a Jesuit missionary and one of the eight Canadian Martyrs.
In 1630 Lalemant joined the Jesuits and in 1632 took the vow to devote himself to foreign missions. Despite the vow, he spent 14 years in France before going to Canada. He taught at the Collège in Moulins from 1632 to 1635. He was at Bourges from 1635 to 1639 studying theology and then taught at three different schools before arriving in Quebec in September, 1646.
Little is known about Lalemant's stay in Quebec. In September 1648 he was sent to Wendake, the land of the Wendat, as an assistant to Father Jean de Brébeuf. He was first posted to the mission at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons. In February 1649 he replaced Noël Chabanel at the mission of Saint Louis. In March Lalemant and Brébeuf were captured there by the Iroquois and taken to the nearby mission at Saint Ignace. There he was tortured before being killed on March 17, 1649.
North American Martyrs
Bressani map of 1657 depicts the martyrdom of Jean de Brébeuf and Gabriel Lalemant
Lalemant was the nephew of former Sainte-Marie superior Jérôme Lalemant. At the time of Gabriel's death, his uncle was the superior of Jesuits in Canada. In 1650, he venerated the remains of Jean de Brébeuf and Gabriel Lalemant in Quebec.
Lalemant was canonized by Pope Pius XI on June 29, 1930.
His last moments are recorded as follows:
"At the height of these torments, Father Gabriel Lallemant lifted his eyes to Heaven, clasping his hands from time to time and uttering sighs to God, whom he invoked to his aid." [He] "had received a hatchet blow on the left ear, which they had driven into his brain, which appeared exposed: we saw no part of his body, from the feet even to the head, which had not been broiled, and in which he had not been burned alive, – even the eyes, into which those impious ones had thrust burning coals." (source?)
His surname may be spelled either Lallemant or Lalemant by different references.Saint Charles Garnier
Son of the wealthy Jean G and Anne de Garault. A studious lad whose health was never strong, he early felt a call to religious life. Studied classics, philosophy and theology at the Jesuit college of Clermont, France. Joined the Jesuits in 1624. Ordained in 1634. Missionary to Canada in 1636. Missionary to the Huron for 13 years, one of the famous “black robes” who lived in terrible conditions to bring the faith to the far north. Died when the fort at which he was stationed was attacked by Iroquois. Charles spent his last hours ministering to the dying before he was murdered. One of the Martyrs of North America.
Martyrs of North America
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