Handwritten German Book Manuscript Kurrent/fraktur Calligraphy Deutsch Rare 1595
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Handwritten German Book Manuscript Kurrent/fraktur Calligraphy Deutsch Rare 1595:
AMAZING, ORIGINAL 16TH CENTURY HANDWRITTEN GERMAN BOOK. This remarkable manuscript volume is dated 1595 and contains 51 leaves [i.e., 102 pages] of material penned in brown ink on laid paper with additional text on pastedowns. Content is religious in nature, divided into seven tracts containing various scriptural excerpts and commentary.Unattributed as to authorship or place, though likely Germany.Elaborate text pennedin Kurrent script throughout with headings in Fraktur. Volume handsomely bound in contemporary vellum with center ornament and double-fillet borders stamped in black on covers; front board bearing additional manuscript text. This is one of those rare gems which should be seen to be fully appreciated. A fantastic surviving manuscript relic of the period. Kurrent, commonly known as Old German Script, is the most popular handwriting style found in German manuscript documents from the 16th through the 18th centuries. "Kurrentschrift" or "Alte Deutsche Schrift" [German for "old German script"], also known as Kurrent, was based on late medieval cursive writing which evolved into the gothic cursive handwriting of the 16th century. The uniform, legible handwriting style was quickly adopted by many chancelleries, and soon came into widespread use as everyday handwriting throughout Germany. Over the history of its use into the first part of the 20th century, many individual letters acquired variant forms.In more modern times Kurrent was often - though not entirely correctly - referred to as “Sütterlin” [in 1911 the graphic artist Ludwig Sütterlin had created a similar but more easily readable variation of the Kurrent script, which was taught in some German-speaking areas from the 1920s]. In 1941 Kurrent/Sütterlin was officially ‘banned’ by Martin Bormann, later private secretary to Adolf Hitler. Instead, teaching was now to focus exclusively on the Latin [“round”] script [antiqua] or so-called "normalschrift" [“normal script”], which had been taught alongside Sütterlin, and which is still in use to this day. Kurrent, however, continued to be taught in school arts classes as an example of “a beautiful script to be executed with a quill” until circa 1952.Fraktur is a calligraphic hand and any of several blackletter typefaces derived from this hand. The blackletter lines are broken up - that is, their forms contain many angles when compared to the smooth curves of the Antiqua [common] typefaces modeled after antique Roman square capitals and Carolingian minuscule. From this, Fraktur is sometimes contrasted with the "Latin alphabet" in northern European texts, being sometimes called the "German alphabet", despite simply being a typeface of Latin. Similarly, the term "Fraktur" or "Gothic" is sometimes applied to all of the blackletter typefaces [known in German as Gebrochene Schrift]. The word itself derives from the past participle fractus ["broken"] of Latin frangere ["to break"]; the same root as the English word 'fracture'.From the late 18th century to the late 19th century, fraktur was progressively replaced by antiqua as a symbol of the classicist age and emerging cosmopolitanism in most of the countries in Europe that had previously used fraktur. The debate surrounding this move was hotly discussed in Germany, where it was known as the Antiqua-Fraktur dispute. The shift affected mostly scientific writing in Germany, whereas most belletristic literature and newspapers continued to be printed in broken fonts. This radically changed when on January 3rd, 1941, Martin Bormann issued a circular to all public offices which declared Fraktur [and its corollary, the Sütterlin-based handwriting] to be Judenlettern [Jewish letters] and prohibited their further use. It has been speculated by German historian Albert Kapr that the régime had realized that Fraktur would inhibit communication in the territories occupied during World War II. Fraktur saw a short resurgence after the War, but quickly disappeared in a Germany keen on modernizing its appearance.Fraktur is today used mostly for decorative typesetting; for example, a number of traditional German newspapers such as the Frankfurter Allgemeine, as well as the Norwegian Aftenposten, still print their name in Fraktur on the masthead, and it is also popular for pub signs and the like. In this modern decorative use, the Fraktur rules about the use of long s and short s and of ligatures are often disregarded. Individual Fraktur letters also appear frequently in mathematics, which often denotes associated or parallel concepts by a single letter in various fonts.Condition: Rare book remains in good condition [see images]. Volume attractively bound in contemporary vellum with center ornament and double-fillet borders stamped in black on covers, front board bearing additional manuscript text; moderate cover wear with spine well worn and front board slightly bowed, mild toning, scattered edge wear and marginal staining, etc., generally clean internally. Text in Kurrent and Fraktur. Volume contains 51 leaves [i.e., 102 pages], the vast majority of which bear handwritten content penned in brown ink; and measures approx 8" tall x 6.5" wide x .75" thick.Payment and Shipping: Please see our response and offer with confidence. Never a reserve and very low opening offer as always. For international shipping quote, please contact us. buyers with no established response must contact us before offerding. 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On Apr-18-13 at 19:06:14 PDT, seller added the following information: