Revolutionary War American Spy Abraham Woodhull Culper Ring Signed Document 1804 For Sale

A rare original manuscript court document written in the hand of ABRAHAM WOODHULL, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for Suffolk County, Long Island, New York, and dated September 4, 1804. The document is signed twice, once in the text, and again at the conclusion, and is removed from a larger document. A part of that document which does not concern Woodhull is on the reverse. Size 5 1/4" x 8", folds, handmade rag paper, early tape repairs, normal aging .....ABRAHAM WOODHULL [1750-1826] was a prominent Setauket, New York farmer, who was recruited by his boyhood friend Major Benjamin Tallmadge to serve as the head of a spy ring working for the patriot cause on British occupied Long Island and in New York City. Tallmadge had been assigned this duty by General Washington who paid the expenses of what became known as the CULPER SPY RING, and provided the members with a primitive form of "invisible" ink for communication. Abraham Woodhull was known as "Samuel Culper, Sr", and his counterpart in New York City was Robert Townsend, known as "Samuel Culper Jr". Other important members were Austin Roe, a Setauket tavernkeeper who served as courier between New York and Setauket, Nancy Strong, a local housewife and courier, and Captain Caleb Brewster whose whaleboats carried the messages across Long Island Sound to Tallmadge in Connecticut who passed them on to General Washington. The Spy Ring operated for five years and is credited with uncovering the Benedict Arnold treason plot, and diverting the English Navy from the siege of Yorktown, among other achievements. After the war, Woodhull served for many years as Chief Judge in the county courts. The identities of the spy ring members were known only to Tallmadge and Washington who never divulged them, and were not discovered until 1939 when the historian Morton Pennypacker uncovered evidence of the Ring in the book "GENERAL WASHINGTON' S SPIES ON LONG ISLAND AND IN NEW YORK". An extremely rare two signatures of an important American revolutionary war spy.....Guaranteed original.....$4.00 shipping........
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Revolutionary War American Spy Abraham Woodhull Culper Ring Signed Document 1804

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